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ANA SAYFA                                  DEGREE of CERTAINTY

Diðer Gramer Konular

 

PRESENT

Positive

Negative

PAST

Positive

Negative

 Tenses, relative clauses

Adverbial Clauses, Articles, Pronouns, Active Passive,

 

       

 

Degrees of Certainty: Past time (Gerçeklik Derecesi: Geçmiþ zaman)

 

 

Olumsuz  Cümleler: 

                                                                                                     

                                               Was Teddy ill?

 

 

%100 emin isek:                                                                 He wasn’ ill[a1] 

 

%99   emin isek: (güçlü bir tahmin)                                   He can’t have been ill[a2] 

                                                                                                              He couldn’t have been ill[a3] 

 

 

%95  emin isek:  (güçlü bir tahmin)                                   He must not have been ill[a4] 

 

 

%50 emin isek:   (olasýlýk)                                                  He may not have been ill[a5] 

                                                                                                              He might not have been ill[a6] 

 

v       Ahmet couldn’t have seen the teacher yesterday.[a7]  

 

v       That cannot have been Tom because we knew he had gone to New York[a8] .

 

v       You couldn’t have left your bag on the bus, could you? [a9] 

 

v       John looks very tired this morning. He must not have slept last night[a10] .

 

v       He failed the test. He must not have studied hard enough.[a11] 

 

v       He didn’t call me.He may / might have forgatten to call me.[a12] 

 

v       He isn’t answering his phone.. He may / might have gone to bed[a13] .

 

 

 

ANA SAYFA                                   Modals

Diðer Gramer Konular

Can

Could

Must, Have to, Have got to

Should, Ought to, Had better

Be able to

Would you mind

Prefer, Would Prefer

Would rather, Would sooner

Used to, Would

Be to, Be supposed to

Requests

Should have done

 Tenses, relative clauses

Adverbial Clauses, Articles, Pronouns, Active Passive,

 

       

 


 [a1]Hasta deðildi

 [a2]Hasta olmuþ olamaz.

 [a3]Hasta olmuþ olamaz.

 [a4]Hasta olmuþ olmamalý

 [a5]Hasta olmuþ olmayabilir

 [a6]Hasta olmuþ olmayabilir

 [a7]Ahmet dün öðretmenle görüþmüþ

olamaz (eminim).

 [a8]Bunu yapmýþ olan Tom olamazdý, çünkü biliyorduk ki Tom New York’a gitmiþti

 [a9]Çantaný otobüste unutmuþ olamazsýn, deðil mi?

 [a10]John yorgun görünüyor. Dün gece uyumamýþ olmalý.

 [a11]Sýnavý geçemedi. Yeterince sýký çalýþmamýþ olmalý

 [a12]Beni aramadý. Unutmuþ olabilir.

 [a13]Telefonuna cevap vermiyor. Yatmýþ olabilir.



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